Twin Coach Company records

Special Collections and Archives

Twin Coach Company records

Special Collections and Archives

Twin Coach Company records

Twin Coach Company, Records, 1914-56


Prepared by Mary Denise Robb, May 10, 1991; updated October 2015
1 document case, 2 record storage boxes, 1 oversized document tube, 3 cubic feet, 11th floor

Historical Note

The Twin Coach Company was founded in Kent, in 1927, by brothers William B. and Frank R. Fageol. The brothers originally started their business in Oakland, California in 1916 and manufactured trucks for World War I use, as well as pleasure cars for domestic use. They brought the first model of their "Safety Coach" east in 1923, and settled in Kent in 1924 as the Fageol Motor Company. The company was sold to American Car and Foundry Company of Dayton, Ohio, in 1925. During 1927, however, after the Fageols' development of the new form of public transportation called the "Twin Coach", the brothers re-established themselves in their original Kent location as the Twin Coach Company.

The Fageol Motors and Twin Coach companies were instrumental in the history of public transportation in the United States. The dual-motored "Twin Coach" was the first urban transit or streetcar-type motor coach designed and built by anyone. The Twin Coach Company ranked second in urban bus manufacturing for approximately twenty years, and it sold to major corporations across the country. It also broadened its scope to include the manufacture of airplane parts and machine engines, as well as a new house-to-house mail delivery truck called the "Pony express".

In 1958, Twin Coach sold its marine engine business and moved its headquarters to Cheektowga, New York. In 1962, stockholders approved a name change for the company, and the Twin Coach Company became the Twin Industries Corporation.

Charles A. Blair came to the Twin Coach Company from Detroit, and stayed with the company for many years. An engineer and inventor, he developed safety devices for large-scale machinery and received national acclaim in his field. By the 1950's he had reached the position of Plant Superintendent.

Scope and Content

The diversified records and objects in the Twin Coach Company collection were donated to the Kent State University Archives by Laurel Wilcox on December 1, 1983. Wilcox had previously purchased the collection at a garage sale, and decided that KSU was the best place to house the records.

The metal grill plate and pin were donated to the Archives by Frank Klein.

Additional items were donated in 2004 by Joseph H. Lipscomb whose father, also Joseph H. Lipscomb, worked for the Company's purchasing department from 1926-1943.

The materials in the Twin Coach Company collection have been broken down into the following series:

Series 1: Twin Coach Company Records

Series 2: Charles A. Blair Papers

Series 3: Fred Ziegler Collection

Series 4: Joseph H. Lipscomb Papers

Regarding the Twin Coach series, employee records include a list from the Twin Coach Company and a list from its subsidiary company, the Fageol Safety Coach Company, and property records range from real estate holdings to specific pieces of machinery. Specifications pertain to factory equipment and coaches, and include the previously titled "Standard Coach Specifications" file in its original order.

Publications include those of the Twin Coach Company, the earlier Fageol Motors Company, and other outside publications. The outside publications are significant to the collection because of specific Blair correspondence relating to it, or because of the articles they contain regarding the Twin Coach Press Brake Safety Device and/or Roller Shear Guard. Photographs are divided into three basic categories --- property, machinery, and miscellaneous--- and include the photographs which appear in articles from the California Safety News and Monitor publications in the collection.

The last component of the Twin Coach series consists of various metal plates, one of which is stamped with Charles Blair's name and company identification. The others appear to have had the purpose of being attached to Twin Coach and Fageol vehicles. Two of the plates (one of which is from the Akron Multi-Truck company of Akron, Ohio) are in separate boxes at the back of the collection because of their design.

The Charles A. Blair series begins with his correspondence: general correspondence, correspondence specifically related to his involvement with the Roller Shear Guard and Press Brake (another previously created file, titled "Roller Shear Guard and Press Brake") which includes copies of Blair's replies, and Twin Coach company letters of which Blair received a copy but was not the primary recipient. Further correspondence (of a different nature) follows, with materials and exercises from the two correspondence courses in which Blair was enrolled. His patent records include drawings and correspondence directly related to those records. The bulk of this file relates to his Railroad-Tie Patent No. 1, 112, 100 (included).

The blueprints, drawings, and miscellaneous papers which complete the series are all of a miscellaneous nature -- they range from areas of personal interest to those of company business. Because of the large format of some of the blueprints and drawings, and the lack of space for flat storage, it is necessary for them to remain folded inside their folders, or rolled and kept outside and next to the box in which the rest of the collection is stored. These rolled drawings are arranged first by size, and then in chronological order. Subject matter is not taken into consideration -- drawings range from a child's toy to the framework for a steel house. The miscellaneous papers which close the collection include a 1915 map of Detroit streetcar lines, a 1954 Twin Coach directory, and various non-dated Fageol Motor Company forms.


Folder -- Contents

Series 1 -- Twin Coach Company Records

  1. Employee lists: Fageol Safety Coach Co. -- 18 March 1952, 11 August 1952
  2. Property: Lists of properties -- 9 December 1954 Blueprints and drawings of property lines -- 1936-56
  3. Specifications: "Standard Coach Specifications," undated
  4. Specifications: General, undated
  5. Publications:Twin Coach Annual Report, 1938 Bus Times, 1935
  6. Publications: Fageol Motors Fageol Safety Coach, 2 eds., circa early 1920s
  7. Publications: Outside California Safety News, v. 36, no. 4, Dec. 1952 Monitor, v. 25, no. 11, Nov. 1952 Kirk and Blum Blower Systems,1926
  8. Photographs
  9. Metal plates & pin
  10. Set of drawings/plans -- 1954 [OVERSIZED]

Series 2 -- Charles A. Blair Papers

  1. Correspondence: General, 1916- 54, mostly Fageol Motors memos --August-September, 1926
  2. Correspondence: "Roller Shear Guard and Press Brake" -- December, 1952 -- May, 1956
  3. Correspondence: Twin Coach Co., copy to Blair, March--Nov., 1926
  4. Correspondence courses: Chicago Technical College -- 1918
  5. Correspondence courses: Associated Drafting Engineers -- 1926
  6. Patent Records -- 29 September 1914 -- 23 March 1921
  7. Blueprints: Miscellaneous -- 1920-44, undated
  8. Blueprints: "Typical Tool Drawings" with index; Goodyear Aircraft Corporation, Akron, Ohio -- 1942
  9. Miscellaneous drawings -- 1920-50, undated
  10. Miscellaneous papers -- 1915-54, undated

Box 2

Series 3 -- Fred Ziegler Collection This part of the collection was purchased from Frank Klein, bookdealer. The collection was previously owned by Fred Ziegler, an employee of Twin Coach. It contains many advertisement promotions, blueprints, specifications and manuals pertaining to Twin Coach. Materials cover dates during the 1950's with the exception of the Goodyear Zeppelin material which covers 1929-1932.

Folder -- Contents

  1. Advertisments
  2. Fageol Van Truck-1953 Advertising and Promotional Program
  3. Annual report: 1952
  4. Annual report: 1953
  5. Certified Dimensions for Miller Fluid Power Stock Cylinders
  6. Correspondence: Inter Office memoes, blueprints: 1956-57
  7. Diesel notes: 1954-55
  8. Drafting chart
  9. Employees: 1950
  10. Engineering procedures and relation to production: 1952-53
  11. Engines
  12. Ensign Liquefied Petroleum Gas Carburetors Manual 105
  13. Goodyear Zeppelin Corp.: Engineering Manual (blueprints): 1929-1932
  14. Graphs-Mileage costs
  15. Hubbard-Antisdel: 1952
  16. "The Insider": Apr. 1944
  17. "Kent Historical Society" [newsletter]: v. 18, Fall, 1994
  18. Map of Stow, Ohio
  19. Miscellaneous
  20. News articles: Feb. 2, 1992
  21. Operation and Maintenance Manual for DWX [and] DWXL Series: Apr. 1, 1949
  22. Photographs, 1929
  23. Photographs, 1933
  24. Photographs, undated
  25. Photographs, undated
  26. Photographs, undated
  27. Photographs, undated
  28. Photographs: Outboard Motor Assembly-VIP
  29. Photographs: Outboard Motor Assembly
  30. Program Conversion: Folder
  31. Rt. 59 Highway-Ohio Dept. of Transportation: 1991; 1993
  32. Sales
  33. "Service Letter": May 8, 1947; Mar. 1, 1950 (2 copies)
  34. Specifications: American Standard Abbreviations for Use on Drawings: Approved Oct. 18, 1950
  35. Specifications: Blueprints
  36. Specifications: Blueprints and Drawings
  37. Specifications: Blueprint for Entrance Door - Travel layout
  38. Specifications: FL Model Outline-Picture, Drawings
  39. Specifications: GM Hardware: Oct. 4, 1951
  40. Specifications: Blueprint-Lubrication Chart-Model 48TT2
  41. Specifications: Blueprints-Parts
  42. Specifications: Model 40-R Streamline Rear Engine - Urban Coach: Sept. 9, 1935
  43. Specifications: Model 40-R Streamline Rear Engine - Urban Coach: Binder
  44. Specifications: Propane equipment
  45. Specifications: "Propane Motor Fuels-L.P.G. Liquid Petroleum Gas: 1950
  46. Specifications: Roose Master Operations and Instruction Manual and Drawings: 1953
  47. Specifications: Standard hardware: 1955
  48. Specifications: Streetcars and buses
  49. Specifications: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: 3-22-26
  50. "Suburban Coaches"
  51. Torque Converter Instruction Set
  52. Torque Converter Seals
  53. Trolley Coach Lubrication Guide

Box 3

Fred Zeigler Collection, cont'd. and the Joseph Lipscomb Papers



  1. Compco Shortway Repair and Tune-up Manual: 1940 Master Edition
  2. Drafting Room Standards
  3. Aerojet-General Corporation: "Engine Service Manual and Parts Catalog," undated
  4. The Fageol Engine
  5. Fageol 44 Marine Engine
  6. Maintenance: pt. 1
  7. Maintenance: pt. 2
  8. Maintenance manual (copy 2)
  9. Maintenance manual: binder
  10. Maintenance manual- Convertible Coach Model F-32-F
  11. Maintenance manual - Supplement- Winterized Coach Model F-32-F
  12. Operator's Handbook- Convertible Coach Model F-32-F
  13. Opertor's Handbook - Fageol Pony Express Model F.P.E.
  14. Replacement Parts
  15. Replacement Parts: Binder
  16. Training Manual Number 3: "The Theory of Operation of Alternators"


  1. Map: Total vehicles in operation: Nov. 18, 1952
  2. Publication: Bus Transportation: June, 1939
  3. Publication: "Ohio's Transportation Needs and You": June, 1990
  4. Publication: "Technical Data Sheets--Latest Twin Coaches--Including New Transverse Motor Type," undated [Includes information on models 37-R, 40, 30-A, 30-AS, 23, and 19.]
  5. Publications: Miscellaneous

Joseph H. Lipscomb Papers

  1. Publication: "Twin Coach Corporation" [lists addresses of offices; executive officers; and includes brief notes on the history of the company]. 4 pp., [no date, after 1926]
  2. Evelopes addressed to the Twin Coach Company and various stamps, 1937 [From Martin C. Van Der Wal and the Honolulu Rapid Transit Company]
  3. Personnel Directory. 13 pp., March 15, 1938.
  4. Newspaper clipping: "Messages Pour into Coach Co. in Tribute to Taylor." [Record-Courier?]. Monday, January 10, 1938. [regarding the death of Twin Coach treasurer H. G. Taylor]
  5. Ten Year Club Membership Card, April 15, 1941
  6. Photograph in Twin Coach Company clip, undated
  7. Twin Coach song (tune -- Field Artillery Song), undated