Special Collections and Archives

Gym Annex Controversy (Tent City) records

Special Collections and Archives

Gym Annex Controversy (Tent City) records

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Repository:Kent State University Libraries. Special Collections and Archives.
Title:Gym Annex Controversy (Tent City) records
Inclusive Date(s):1970-1980
Bulk Date(s):1977-1978
Author:Finding aid prepared by Rennie Greenfield, January 2016
Creation:Finding aid encoded by Rennie Greenfield using the OhioLINK EAD Application in 2016
Origination:Kent State University. Libraries. Department of Special Collections and Archives
Extent:3.33 cubic feet (3 record storage boxes and 1 flat oversize box)
Physical Location:11th floor (May 4 Collection, Boxes 218-221)
Finding Aid Identifier:OhKeUSC0173
Abstract:These records chronicle the Kent State University Gym Annex controversy of the late 1970s and include student, university, and community responses to the protests of the gym as well as its planning and construction.
Revision(s):
March 2017 - Updated
Language(s):The records are in English

History of the Tent City records

In November of 1976, University administrators approved a new gym facility partially situated on the site of the Kent State shootings of 1970. Students, encouraged at a rally the following May by comedian and activist Dick Gregory, lawyer William Kunstler, and Vietnam War veteran and author Ron Kovic, began to protest the decision to build on this site. Several organizations were formed such as the May 4 Task Force, the May 4 Coalition, and the May 4 Observance committee. These groups issued demands, circulated flyers and petitions, and protested the construction of the gym. Eventually, some of these protesters pitched tents on the proposed building site and and stayed for over 60 days sparking protests and counter protests among members of the university and the community. Court battles ensued and nearly 200 people were eventually arrested and forcibly removed from the site. A full chronology of the gym annex protests can be found on our website here.

Scope and Content

This collection contains materials from the Gym Annex (Tent City) controversy of the late 1970s. It documents the history of the incidents surrounding these protests and the eventual construction of the Gym Annex. It consists primarily of letters written to the university in support and opposition to the building of the gym, court records from legal cases surrounding the dispute, and petitions circulated in 1977 both supporting and opposing the construction. There are statements from various members of the Kent State community including faculty, administrators, and students as well as subject files on several aspects of the protests and construction. There are also bids and contracts from the companies that built the facility and university guidelines for the naming of buildings (a matter heavily disputed at the time). Additionally, there are news clippings, flyers, scrapbooks, documents from several committees which formed in response to the proposed gym site, and materials from the contentious May 4 anniversary of 1978.

Statement of Arrangement

This collection has been arranged into the following twelve series:
Series 1: Correspondence
Series 2: Court Records
Series 3: Petitions
Series 4: Statements
Series 5: Gym Facilities Planning and Construction
Series 6: Subject Files
Series 7: Committee for Naming of Buildings
Series 8: May 4 Committees
Series 9: May 4 Coalition
Series 10: Clippings
Series 11: Flyers, Mailings, and Artifacts
Series 12: Scrapbooks
Series 13: Oversized Materials


Related Material

Researchers can find many other related collections within the May 4 collection by using the May 4 Collection Index page and viewing collections listed under "Gym Annex Controversy."

Restrictions on Access

Some information included in this collection is restricted due to the presence of information protected by privacy laws. This information has been redacted where present on documents in the collection. Un-redacted originals, in all cases, have been retained by Special Collections and Archives.

Preferred Citation

Gym Annex Controversy (Tent City) records. May 4 Collection. Kent State University Libraries. Special Collections and Archives.

Acquisition Information

These records came from several donors along with items gathered through administrative offices at Kent State University. Marty Rosenbluth and Betty Kirschner donated their papers to the archives and their materials along with papers from the President's office make up the bulk of this collection.

Subject Headings
The following subjects are found in this collection:

Subjects:
Kent State Shootings, Kent, Ohio, 1970
Kent State University--History
Kent (Ohio)--History
Protest and social movements
Tent City (Kent, Ohio)
Arrest (Police methods) - Ohio - Kent
Kent State University - Buildings - History
Student movements - Ohio - Kent
Persons:
Golding, Brage, 1920-
Olds, Glenn A. (Glenn Alvero), 1921-2006
Canfora, Chic
Krause, Arthur
Abdullah, Fattima
Kunstler, William
Organizations/Corporations:
Kent State University. May 4 Task Force
Kent State University. May 4 Coalition
Places:
Kent State University. Gym Annex Building
Material Types:
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Correspondence
Court records
Fliers (printed matter)
Petitions
Contracts
Scrapbooks



Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Correspondence, 1977-1981
Box 218 / Folder 1
Move the Gym, May, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 2
Move the Gym, June, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 3
Move the Gym, July 1-July 12, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 4
Move the Gym, July 13-July 17, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 5
Move the Gym, July 18-July 22, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 6
Move the Gym, July 23-July 27, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 7
Move the Gym, July 28-July 31, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 8
Move the Gym, August 1-August 15, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 9
Move the Gym, August 16-August 31, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 10
Move the Gym, September 1-September 15, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 11
Move the Gym, September 16-September 30, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 12
Move the Gym, October, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 13
Move the Gym, undated
Box 218 / Folder 14
Move the Gym: Alumni and Former Students, May-June, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 15
Move the Gym: Alumni and Former Students, July, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 16
Move the Gym: Alumni and Former Students, August-November, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 17
Move the Gym: Student Groups and Organizations, May-June, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 18
Move the Gym: Student Groups and Organizations, July 1-July 21, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 19
Move the Gym: Student Groups and Organizations, July 22-July 30, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 20
Move the Gym: Student Groups and Organizations, August, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 21
Move the Gym: Student Groups and Organizations, September-November, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 22
Move the Gym: Student Groups and Organizations, undated
Box 218 / Folder 23
Move the Gym: Students and Parents of Students, May-October, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 24
Move the Gym: Parents of Victims, June-August, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 25
Move the Gym: Faculty and Staff, April-November, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 26
Move the Gym: Gara, Larry, July-September, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 27
Move the Gym: Pimbley, Thomas, July-August, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 28
Build the Gym, May-June, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 29
Build the Gym, July 2-July 21, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 30
Build the Gym, July 22-July 31, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 31
Build the Gym, August 1-August 10, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 32
Build the Gym, August 11-August 31, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 33
Build the Gym, September 1-September 15, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 34
Build the Gym, September 16-September 30, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 35
Build the Gym, October-November, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 36
Build the Gym, undated
Box 218 / Folder 37
Build the Gym: Alumni, June-October, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 38
Build the Gym: Students and Parents of Students, May-October, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 39
Build the Gym: Faculty and Staff, June-August, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 40
Build the Gym: Contractors and Bidders on the Gym, June-October, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 41
Build the Gym: Amons, George, August-December, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 42
Build the Gym: McKinley, Joe, June-August, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 43
Build the Gym: Welling, Elmer and Lottie, August-September, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 44
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, June 18-July 15, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 45
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, July 16-July 26, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 46
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, July 27-July 28, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 47
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, July 29-July 31, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 48
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, August 1-August 15, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 49
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, August 16-August 31, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 50
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, September 1-September 15, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 51
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, September 16-September 30, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 52
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, October, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 53
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, November, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 54
Dedicate the Gym to the Victims of May 4, undated
Box 218 / Folder 55
Build Some Kind of Memorial, May-July, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 56
Build Some Kind of Memorial, August-September, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 57
Neutral Sentiments on the Gym, May-August, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 58
Neutral Sentiments on the Gym, September, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 59
Neutral Sentiments on the Gym, October-November, 1977
Box 218 / Folder 60
"Unclear Sentiments, Misinterpretations, and 'Just Plain Crazies'", July 1977-May 1981
Scope and Content
This title is the exact one used in interdepartmental correspondence. It is used here only to reflect the original organization of this collection and in no way represents the opinions of the Department of Special Collections and Archives.
Box 218 / Folder 61
President Brage Golding, 1978-1979
Box 218 / Folder 62
Responses to the Gym Correspondence, May-September, 1980

Series 2: Court Records, 1976-1977
Box 219 / Folder 1
Overview of Court Cases, undated
Box 219 / Folder 2
Arrest Lists, July, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 3
Chic Canfora et al. vs. Glenn Olds et al. Case Number C77-809, July-August, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 4
Chic Canfora et al. vs. Glenn Olds et al. Case Number C77-809, undated
Box 219 / Folder 5
Chic Canfora et al. vs. Glen Olds et al. Case Number C77-809, undated
Box 219 / Folder 6
Chic Canfora et al. vs. Glenn Olds et al. Case Number 77-8350, August, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 7
Arthur Krause et al. vs. James Rhodes et al. Case Number 76-1095, undated
Box 219 / Folder 8
Arthur Krause et al. vs. Richard Jackson et al. Case Number C77-996, September, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 9
State of Ohio vs. Fattima Abdullah et al. Case Number 77CV0885, July, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 10
State of Ohio vs. Fattima Abdullah et al.Case Number 781, July-August, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 11
State of Ohio vs. Fattima Abdullah et al.Case Number 77CV0885, July, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 12
State of Ohio vs. Fattima Abdullah et al.Case Number 77CV0885, August, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 13
State of Ohio vs. Fattima Abdullah et al.Case Number 77CV0885, September, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 14
Glenn Olds Affidavit, July, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 15
Legal Correspondence, December 1976-October 1977

Series 3: Petitions, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 16
For the Gym - Petition 1, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 17
For the Gym - Petition 1, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 18
For the Gym - Petition 1, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 19
For the Gym - Petition 2, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 20
For the Gym - Petition 2, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 21
For the Gym - Petition 2, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 22
For the Gym - Petition 3, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 23
For the Gym - Petition 4, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 24
For the Gym - Kent State Students, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 25
Against the Gym, August-November, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 26
Petition Against Renaming the Business Administration Building, 1977
Box 219 / Folder 27
Correspondence and Small Petitions, 1977

Series 4: Statements, 1970-1978
Box 220 / Folder 1
Bixenstine, Edwin: United Faculty Professional Association, 1977
Scope and Content
File includes additional materials regarding faculty, United Faculty Professional Association, and Faculty Senate efforts and sentiments related to HPER building plans.
Box 220 / Folder 2
Golding, Brage: Kent State's New President: A Brief Introduction, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 3
Golding, Brage: President's Statement on Kent State University's New HPER Facility, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 4
Harkness, Bruce: The Educational Consequences of the Tragedy, undated
Box 220 / Folder 5
Jentoft, Clyde: Interested People in the English Department, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 6
Kainrad, Judge Joseph: News Release, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 7
Kaplan, Lawrence S.: Speech Delivered May 4, 1978, 1978
Box 220 / Folder 8
Kent Friends in Support of the May 4 Task Force: Statement, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 9
Kent Yippie Statement: Demands and All-Out Challenge, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 10
May 4 Coalition: Position of the May 4 Coalition, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 11
McGehee, Edward G.: A Case of Civil Disobedience, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 12
Spartacus Youth League: Response to the Akron Beacon Journal, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 13
State of Ohio: Court Order and Notice to Vacate, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 14
Stovall, Lynn (Ohio National Guard): Statement to the Board of Trustees, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 15
Synder, John W.: About May Fourth, The Building And The Hill, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 16
Unattributed Statements on the Gym, undated
Box 220 / Folder 17
Wolford, Jenn: Remarks Before the Board of Trustees, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 18
Young Socialist Alliance: Resist Administration Attacks!, undated

Series 5: Gym Facilities Planning and Construction, 1972-1977
Box 220 / Folder 19
Proposal and Long Range Planning for the School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Facility, 1972-1974
Box 220 / Folder 20
Correspondence Regarding the Building of the Gym, 1972-1977
Box 220 / Folder 21
Chronology, Facts, and Reports, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 22
Costs Incurred as a Result of the Physical Education Building Controversy, November 1977-December 1977
Box 220 / Folder 23
Photographs of Proposed Site, undated
Box 220 / Folder 24
Bids for Building the Gym, April 1977-May1977
Box 220 / Folder 25
Bucky Arnes Corporation, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 26
E. B. Katz Company, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 27
Honeywell Inc., 1977
Box 220 / Folder 28
Keller Electric, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 29
Professional Balance Company, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 30
Shepp Plumbing and Heating Inc., 1977

Series 6: Subject Files, 1977-1979
Box 220 / Folder 31
Chronology of the Tent City Gym Protests, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 32
Convocation: May 4, 1979, 1979
Box 220 / Folder 33
Department of the Interior National Historic Site Study, 1977-1978
Box 220 / Folder 34
Events Surrounding May 4, 1977, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 35
F.A.C.T (First Amendment Conservation Task Force), 1977-1978
Box 220 / Folder 36
Kent State Due Process of Law Fund, 1978
Box 220 / Folder 37
Surveys Regarding the Gym Annex, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 38
University News Service Fact File Regarding the Gym Annex, undated
Box 220 / Folder 39
Slides of Joan Baez Concert and Tent City, August, 1977

Series 7: Committee for Naming of Buildings, 1976-1977
Box 220 / Folder 40
Meeting Minutes, May 1977-June 1977
Box 220 / Folder 41
Policy for the Naming of Buildings, Fields, and Places on the Kent Campus of Kent State University, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 42
Student Government Response, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 43
Community Response to the Naming of Four Buildings, undated
Box 220 / Folder 44
Correspondence, October 1976-June 1977

Series 8: May 4 Committees, 1977-1979
Box 220 / Folder 45
May 4 Observance Committee Members, 1978-1978
Box 220 / Folder 46
May 4 Observance Committee Minutes, 1978
Box 220 / Folder 47
May 4 Observance Committee Minutes, 1979
Box 220 / Folder 48
May 4 Observance Committee Correspondence, 1978
Box 220 / Folder 49
May 4 Observance Committee Correspondence, 1979
Box 220 / Folder 50
May 4 Commemoration Committee, 1977-1978
Box 220 / Folder 51
Statement of the May 4 Task Force, 1978
Box 220 / Folder 52
Clippings, 1978-1979

Series 9: May 4 Coalition, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 53
Information on Activities, undated
Box 220 / Folder 54
Statements, May 1977-August 1977
Box 220 / Folder 55
Flyers and Mailings, undated
Box 220 / Folder 56
Responses to the Coalition, June 1977-September 1977

Series 10: Clippings, 1977-1979
Box 220 / Folder 57
Clippings from The Ohio Bureau Company Clipping Source, July 1977-August 1977
Box 220 / Folder 58
Clippings, July 1-July 12, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 59
Clippings, July 13-July 31, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 60
Clippings, August, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 61
Clippings, September 1977-December 1977
Box 220 / Folder 62
Clippings, 1978
Box 220 / Folder 63
Clippings, 1979
Box 220 / Folder 64
Clippings, undated

Series 11: Flyers, Mailings, Artifacts, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 65
Flyers and Mailings, 1977
Box 220 / Folder 66
Move the Gym Armband and Bumper Sticker, undated

Series 12: Scrapbooks, 1977
Scope and Content
These scrapbooks were created and donated by Miriam Jackson.
Box 221 / Folder 1
I: Tent City through August 7, 1977 pages 1-10, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 2
I: Tent City through August 7, 1977 pages 11-20, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 3
I: Tent City through August 7, 1977 pages 21-30, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 4
I: Tent City through August 7, 1977 pages 31-36, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 5
II: Federal Courthouse Picket through Bulldozer Entry, September 19, 1977 pages 1-10, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 6
II: Federal Courthouse Picket through Bulldozer Entry, September 19, 1977 pages 11-20, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 7
II: Federal Courthouse Picket through Bulldozer Entry, September 19, 1977 pages 21-30, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 8
II: Federal Courthouse Picket through Bulldozer Entry, September 19, 1977 pages 31-36, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 9
III: Destruction of the Hill and September 24th Rally pages 1-10, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 10
III: Destruction of the Hill and September 24th Rally pages 11-20, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 11
III: Destruction of the Hill and September 24th Rally pages 21-30, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 12
III: Destruction of the Hill and September 24th Rally pages 31-39, 1977

Series 13: Oversized Materials, 1977-1978
Physical Location: Materials in this series are filed in the map case.
Box 221 / Folder 13
Poster: Rally. Kent State University National Call for Action, June 4, 1977
Corporate Name: May 4 Coalition

Scope and Content
Featured speakers: Ron Kovic, Dick Gregory, William Kunstler, Peter Davies.
Processing Information
Year supplied through search of the Daily Kent Stater.
Box 221 / Folder 14
Notice to Vacate by Glenn A. Olds, July 9, 1977
Box 221 / Folder 15
Poster: Take the Hill Rally, September 24, 1977
Corporate Name: May 4th Coalition

Scope and Content
"Remember Kent State; Sept. 24, 12 Noon on the Commons; Speakers, Music; Move the Gym."
Box 221 / Folder 16
Poster: National Arm Band Day, October 12, 1977?
Corporate Name: May 4th Coalition

Scope and Content
"Long Live the Spirit of Kent + Jackson State. Move the Gym! Rally. Mass Meeting."
Box 221 / Folder 17
Presidential Notice and Order by Brage Golding, October 19, 1977
Physical Description: 2 copies.
Box 221 / Folder 18
Court Order from Court of Common Pleas, October 21, 1977
Physical Description: White paper with red title print. 2 copies.
Scope and Content
Temporary Restraining Order
Box 221 / Folder 19
Poster: All Out - Move the Gym, October 22, 1977?
Corporate Name: May 4th Coalition

Scope and Content
"National Demonstration. Long Live the Spirit of Kent & Jackson State."
Box 221 / Folder 20
Court of Common Pleas Preliminary Injunction, October 26, 1977
Physical Description: Yellow paper with red title print. 2 copies.
Box 221 / Folder 21
Poster: No Classes May 4, 1978
Scope and Content
Text on poster: "Name 4 buildings after slain students; stop construction of the new gym; STRIKE."