Joseph Joshua Schwartz papers

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Special Collections and Archives

Joseph Joshua Schwartz papers

The Special Collections & Archives reading room is closed, and all in-person (physical, face-to-face) services are suspended from now through the fall 2020 semester. We are here to help! Please contact us to discuss how we can best serve you during this time.

Special Collections and Archives

Joseph Joshua Schwartz papers

Repository: Kent State University Libraries. Special Collections and Archives.
Title: Joseph Joshua Schwartz papers
Inclusive Date(s): 1927-1992
Author: Finding aid prepared by Anita Clary, April 2019
Creation: Finding aid encoded by Anita Clary using the OhioLINK EAD Application in 2019
Origination: Schwartz, Joseph Joshua, 1899-1975
Extent: .66 cubic feet (2 document cases)
Physical Location: 11th floor
Finding Aid Identifier: OhKeUSC0204
Abstract: Joseph J. Schwartz was active in Jewish community work for four decades and was recognized internationally for his humanitarian work. This collection includes his dissertation, conference reports from organizations he directed, photographs, and other materials.
Language(s): The records are in English

Biography of Joseph Joshua Schwartz

During his life, Dr. Joseph J. Schwartz worked tirelessly on behalf of the Jewish community. As Director of Overseas Operations of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, he directed the relief and rescue of hundreds of thousands of Jews in Europe during World War II. He was recognized internationally for his humanitarian work.

Detailed Biography of Joseph Joshua Schwartz

Joseph J. Schwartz was born in Nova Odessa, Russia on March 23, 1899. He studied at the Yitzchok Elchanon Theological Seminary in New York from 1915-1921, and served as a rabbi in New York. He attended Yale University in 1926, earning a doctorate in Oriental Studies in 1928. After time spent teaching at Cairo University and Long Island University, he accepted the position of Executive Director of the Brooklyn Jewish Federation. In 1938, he assumed the post of Assistant Director of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC). He was soon the Director of Overseas Operations and spent much of the next ten years overseas. He was headquartered in Paris, France until the Nazis captured the city in 1940, then lived in Lisbon, Portugal until after the war when he returned to Paris.

During the war, he organized emigration from Europe for those Jews who had travel permits. He funneled funds into France and occupied territories and actively supported underground activity in spite of the opposition of the JDC. After the war, he returned to Paris where he helped author the Displaced Persons Act, signed by President Truman, which allowed for the immigration of tens of thousands into the United States. Schwartz totally involved himself with the generation that founded the State of Israel, and he played a significant role in moving hundreds of thousands of Jews from Europe, North Africa and the Middle East to Israel.

In 1948, Schwartz became chairman of the United Jewish Appeal and he was a most effective fund raiser. He later became Director of the Bonds for Israel agency, where he completed his forth decade in Jewish communal work. Schwartz died in 1975 at the age of 75. He was the outstanding Jewish communal worker of his era.

Scope and Content

Joseph J. Schwartz's papers include conference reports from organizations he directed, his dissertation and notes, publications he collected, photographs, and his family tree (Hamishpacha Schwartz), as well as other materials.

Statement of Arrangement

The collection is divided into files by subject which are arranged alphabetically. Subjects include conference reports, dissertation, photographs, and publications, as well as others.

Separated Material

Books from Dr. Schwartz's personal library are also held by Special Collections and Archives at Kent State University and are cataloged in KentLINK.

Preferred Citation

Joseph Joshua Schwartz papers. Kent State University Libraries. Special Collections and Archives.

Acquisition Information

This collection and books from Schwartz's personal library are on permanent loan to Special Collections and Archives at Kent State University.

Bibliography

The biography for Joseph Joshua Schwartz was excerpted from Hamishpacha Schwartz, which is part of this collection.

Controlled-access Headings
The following are found in this collection:

Subjects:
Schwartz, Joseph Joshua, 1899-1975 -- Archives
World War, 1939-1945 -- Jews -- Rescue
World War, 1939-1945 -- Jewish resistance
Organizations/Corporations:
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
Functions:
Community organization
Jewish leadership
Occupations:
Civic leaders
Jewish philanthropists
Material Types:
Reports
Publications
Photographs
Photograph albums
Genealogies (histories)
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Academic theses
Conference papers and proceedings



Detailed Description of the Collection
Box 1 / Folder 1
Assembly Papers: The Needs We Face in 1955, November 1954
Scope and Content
Overseas report by Dr. Joseph J. Schwartz.
Box 1 / Folder 2
Conference Reports: American Joint Distribution Committee, 1961
Scope and Content
Proceedings of the Annual Overseas Conference Assembly of European Jewish Communities, Geneva, Switzerland.
Box 1 / Folder 3
Conference Reports: Inaugural Conference for Israel Bonds, February 1956
Box 1 / Folder 4
Conference Reports: Inaugural Conference for Israel Bonds, February, 1957
Scope and Content
Included National Celebration of Eddie Cantor's 65th Birthday.
Box 1 / Folder 5
Conference Reports: National Conference of Jewish Social Welfare, 1941
Box 1 / Folder 6
Correspondence, 1958, 1968
Scope and Content
Notes to Schwartz dated March 1958 and June 1968.
Box 1 / Folder 7
Doctoral Dissertation, 1927
Scope and Content
"The Entertainment of Guests," Edited and Translated, With Introduction and Critical Notes by Joseph J. Schwartz
Box 1 / Folder 8
Flyer: Fifth Annual Institute on Securities Regulation, May 1973
Box 1 / Folder 9
Hamishpocha Schwartz, 1992
Scope and Content
Includes note to Dr. Kaplan from Bess Krivitsky dated December 8, 1992. There is a brief bio of Joseph J. Schwartz on pages 30-31.
Box 1 / Folder 10
Newsclipping: Book Review, October 30, 1960
Scope and Content
Book review of The Saving Remnant: An Account of Jewish Survival, by Herbert Agar, that references Dr. Schwartz.
Box 1 / Folder 11
Notebook: Translations of Phrases, undated
Box 1 / Folder 12
Photographs, Personal, undated
Box 2 / Folder 1
Photograph Album, undated
Scope and Content
This is a professionally printed, spiral bound album with a Pan American airplane on the cover. It appears to be from a conference. One of the photographs features a document titled "Welcome to Brazil, Dr. Joseph J. Schwartz."
Box 2 / Folder 2
Photograph Album, undated
Scope and Content
This is a professionally printed, spiral bound album showing Dr. and Mrs. Schwartz disembarking from a Super Convair 440 airplane. It appears to be from a conference. There are images of a banquet hall with flags of Israel and Brazil.
Box 2 / Folder 3
Postage stamp album, undated
Box 2 / Folder 4
Publications: The Apples of Gan-Yavne, undated
Scope and Content
The story of the Max and Eva Apple Children's Home in Gan-Yavne, Israel.
Box 2 / Folder 5
Publications: Catalogue 48: Old Testament and Rabbinic Studies, undated
Scope and Content
Judaica and Hebraica offered for sale by A. Rosenthal Ltd. Antiquarian Booksellers, Oxford England.
Box 2 / Folder 6
Publications: The Foundry of the Second Temple at Jerusalem, 1936
Scope and Content
By Charles C. Torrey. Reprint from Journal of Biblical Literature, Volume LV, Park IV.
Box 2 / Folder 7
Publications: Mutual Security Act of 1954, 1954
Separated Material
Report of the Committee on Foreign Affairs on H.R. 9678 and Minority Views to accompany H.R. 9678.
Box 2 / Folder 8
Publications: Stalinism and Bolshevism, 1937
Scope and Content
By Leon Trotsky, Pioneer Publishers, New York.
Box 2 / Folder 9
Publications: Survey of United States Private Technical Assistance, 1954
Scope and Content
Report of the Subcommittee on Foreign Economic Policy of the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
Box 2 / Folder 10
Publications: Teaching American Jewish History in Israel, undated
Scope and Content
Reprinted from Assignment in Israel, from a lecture delivered by Moshe Davis on March 11, 1959.
Box 2 / Folder 11
Torrey, Charles C. Material, undated
Scope and Content
Synopsis of book Judaism and Islam (published in 1933) and selected bibliography of Prof. Charles Cutler Torrey. Both documents are typewritten.