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WKSU, Sound Recordings Collection, 1970-2000

May 4 Collection -- Boxes 174 - 177


INVENTORY

Prepared by E. Merle Watkins, November 5, 2001
Updated and revised by Robin M. Katz, April 14, 2009
12th floor, 4 CD storage boxes, 1 cubic foot


Scope and Content

This collection contains a variety of sound recordings created and/or collected by WKSU, Kent State University's public radio station. The recordings, originally made on tape, were transferred to compact discs in 2001. This collection is comprised of CD copies of the recordings listed below, with the exception of two audio cassette tape in Box 174 and Box 177. Track titles were provided by WKSU staff performing the tape transfer. For additional, miscellaneous sound recordings related to May 4, please see the inventory for Box 96. For musical recordings related to May 4, please see the inventory for Box 183.

Note to Staff: There are back-up copies of items marked with an asterisk (*). They are stored with archival copies of video and audio tapes on the 11th floor. See Location Guide for details.


Overview of Contents

  • Box 174: Contains recordings of raw, unedited recordings from May 2-4, 1970, police radio recordings, and some local news coverage of events.
  • Box 175: Contains news coverage of events, a Canadian radio show about the shootings, recordings of selected Scranton Commission hearings testimony, and partial recording of the September 1970 Fall Convocation and Memorial.
  • Box 176: Includes a media symposium featuring David Brinkley, 1971, 1972, and 1985 WKSU radio documentaries and coverage of commemorations, and raw interview tapes of Tom Grace and John Filo recorded in 1989.
  • Box 177: Contains raw interview tapes of several individuals involved in events of May 1970 done in 1990 and the 2000 radio documentary produced by Mark Urycki called "Remembering Kent State, 1970: A Sound Documentary."

May 4 Collection: Box 174

Cassette# -- Contents

  1. Side A: Chestnut Burr record insert [cassette duplicate of CD #1], [1971?]; Side B: WKSU Reports, May 1970

CD# -- Contents

  1. Chestnut Burr record insert, 1971 [CD duplicate of Cassette #1]
  2. Police Radio Recordings: Friday night, May 2, 1970 [tape owned by John Chegas] [disc 1 of 2]*
  3. Police Radio Recordings: Friday night, May 2, 1970 [tape owned by John Chegas] [disc 2 of 2]*
  4. Raw, unedited tape recorded on the scene by WKSU reporters: May 2 and 3, 1970

    Tracks:

    May 2, 1970

    1. ROTC student (1:16)
    2. V[oice] O[ver]: guard is following us (0:20)
    3. Mic noise masks audio (0:26)
    4. 2-way radio, mic noise (0:59)
    5. test, mic noise (1:57)
    6. students clash with guard (1:57)
    7. "Get in the dorm!"(then inside) (1:02)
    8. outside: crowd cheering (1:01)
    9. orders to guard:"Move out!" (1:13)
    10. V[oice] O[ver]: student pushed inside (0:47)
    11. orders to guard: "Get 'em in!" (1:05)
    12. V[oice] O[ver]: students coming back out (0:18)
    13. orders to guard: "Forward ho!" (1:45)
    14. guard marching (0:25)
    15. V[oice] O[ver] guard leaving dorm (0:31)

    May 3 1970

    1. chopper (0:48)
    2. (garbled audio) (0:12)
    3. chopper (garbled) (0:18)
    4. student demands & chopper (1:34)
    5. V[oice] O[ver]: students & police (0:24)
    6. chopper (0:39)
    7. "We gotta be cool" (0:42)
    8. ambience (0:39)
    9. mood turns ugly (0:34)
    10. announcement: riot act read (0:15)
    11. chopper (0:24)
    12. screams, V[oice] O[ver]: pushing (0:45)
    13. conversation re: curfew (0:42)
    14. announcement: arrest resistors (0:21)
    15. ambience (0:40)
    16. V[oice] O[ver]: time check, someone hurt (0:34)
    17. "We need an ambulance!" (1:11)
    18. V[oice] O[ver]: guard moving up Lincoln (0:17)
    19. ambient snippets, chopper (0:31)
    20. chopper (0:22)
    21. chopper (0:10)
    22. Tri-towers, cop radio (1:03)
    23. giving directions (0:30)
    24. NBC & CBS reporters (1:32)
    25. 2 busloads of troopers arrive (1:06)
    26. reporters are upset (0:20)
    27. low level conversation (1:14)
    28. guard conversation (1:17)
    29. guard conversation (1:14)
    30. guard conversation (0:24)
    31. guard has KSU ID (0:53)
    32. V[oice] O[ver]: "We're on Summit St." (0:12)
    33. guard conversation (1:27)
    34. guard talks about students (1:31)
    35. cop radio, reporters talking (1:49)
    36. cop radio, reporters talking (0:40)
    37. more deputies coming (1:40)
    38. cop radio, reporters talking (2:32)
    39. cop radio: escort home (2:21)
    40. inside with guard (2:14)
    41. candid guard conversation (7:20)
  1. Raw, unedited tape recorded on the scene by WKSU reporters: May 4, 1970 [disc 1 of 2]*

    Tracks:

    Before the shootings

    1. Inside ambience, radio plays (4:59)
    2. KSU chimes & victory bell (2:29)
    3. Bullhorn: "Leave the commons!" (0:36)
    4. Victory bell (0:25)
    5. Cheers, then bullhorn: "Leave!" (0:19)
    6. Chant: "Power to the people" (0:20)
    7. Chant: "Pigs off campus" (0:13)
    8. Chant: "1,2,3,4..." (0:20)
    9. Student leader calls for strike (1:06)
    10. Bullhorn:"Leave immediately!" (0:58)
    11. "Pigs off campus!" then bullhorn (0:41)
    12. Mic noise, audio garbled (0:10)
    13. Guard throws tear gas (1:37)
    14. Chant: "Pigs off campus" (0:50)
    15. Chants, bullhorn (0:20)
    16. Chant: "Seig Heil," victory bell (0:34)
    17. Chant: "Power to the people" (0:19)
    18. Chant: "1,2,3,4..." (0:28)
    19. Ambience (0:51)
    20. Chant: "Power to the people" (0:14)
    21. Distant ambience (3:52)
    22. "It's like a tennis match!" (0:43)
    23. Crowd noise (0:29)

    After the shots are fired

    1. After shots, chaos (1:08)
    2. "Stay back! Call for an ambulance!" (0:24)
    3. V[oice] O[ver]*: 12:25pm, student hurt (0:08)
    4. 1st ambulance arrives (0:45)
    5. "Call for another ambulance!" (0:37)
    6. "Another ambulance - 2 more!" (0:19)
    7. Crowd noise (1:23)
    8. 1st ambulance leaves (0:22)
    9. "Get rid of that camera!" (0:21)
    10. "Unbelieveable, baby!" (0:13)
    11. Ambience (1:31)
    12. "They've got guns now" (1:06)
    13. Chant:"Pigs off campus" (0:12)
    14. Guard conversation (0:26)
    15. 2nd ambulance arrives (1:54)
    16. Chopper (0:26)
    17. Eyewitness account (1:54)
    18. "Rifles are loaded!" (0:37)
    19. Conversation (0:50)
    20. Seymour Barron speaks (3:44)
    21. Eyewitness account (1:13)
    22. Seymour Barron speaks (1:30)
    23. Teching assistant speaks (3:53)
    24. Inside ambience, conversation (2:12)
    25. WKSU: Dr. Weiser reports (1:15)
    26. University closed? (0:26)
    27. Room ambience (6:55)
    28. WKSU reports: KSU closed (2:38)
  1. Raw, unedited tape recorded on the scene by WKSU reporters: May 4, 1970 [disc 2 of 2]*

    Tracks:

    After the shots are fired (cont.)

    1. Seymour Barron: "Sit down!" (1:03)
    2. "Three dead on arrival" (1:25)
    3. "Sit down!" Crowd gets rowdy (1:02)
    4. "We Shall Overcome" (0:59)
    5. Seymour Brown: "We need MLK" (1:52)
    6. Glenn Frank speaks (0:45)
    7. Crowd gets ugly (0:33)
    8. Distant bullhorn: "leave now!" (1:03)
    9. "They're animals, not humans!" (0:26) [Note: portions of this track were damaged due to deterioration of the first generation of digital transfer tapes done in 1990.]
    10. 2-way radio (0:44)
    11. Crowd noise (0:41)
    12. Argument between student and guardsman (1:01)
    13. Argument winds down (1:38)
    14. Discussions of shootings (chopper) (0:48)
    15. Female student offers sandwiches (0:08)
    16. "People like Rhodes want to shut us up" (0:45)
    17. Garbled audio (0:25)
    18. "Go back to the dorms!" (0:15)
    19. Distant chants, ambience (0:56)
    20. Announcements: Red Cross bands (0:47)
    21. "Move back, please!" (0:25)
    22. Discussion (1:07)
    23. Students refuse to leave (1:05)
    24. Student: "Get a gun, shoot back!" (0:26)
    25. Faculty: "Please go home" (0:21)
    26. "Please go away" (0:22)
    27. "The real reV[oice] O[ver]lution..." (0:45)
    28. "Easy to get killed" (0:19)
    29. Guard marches toward students (0:27)
    30. Student "8:00 tonight!" (0:32)
    31. "Rhodes and White shot 'em!" (1:03)
    32. Distant bullhorn, angry crowd (0:50)
    33. "We're gonna get depositions" (0:29)
    34. Faculty: "I'm just a simple chemist..." (0:25)
    35. Student: "Get Governor Rhodes" (0:11)
    36. Faculty: "The faculty is with you" (0:42)
    37. "I don't agree with burning a building" (0:50)
    38. Students: "We can't get out!" (2:00)
    39. WKSU 2-way radio (1:34)
  1. Local and network news coverage of the Kent State shootings: May 4, 1970 [From the Bob Downing Collection; Original recordings from Chicago radio and television]

    Tracks:

    1. WCFL news, Fred Barton, 4:45pm (0:16)
    2. ID commercial (1:00)
    3. News spot, actuality: KSU student (1:35)
    4. WLS news, 4:55pm (0:37)
    5. WLS news: local university newspaper supports student strike (0:11)
    6. ACR, New York - news spot, actualities: Canturbury, White (2:31)
    7. WMAQ-TV news, 5:00pm (1:07)
    8. ID (0:07)
    9. CBS report (0:43)
    10. WBBM-Robert Pierpoint, CBS:quotes Ron Zieglar, statement from White House (1:16)
    11. ID (0:07)
    12. WCFL news, 5:20pm (1:07)
    13. ID (0:11)
    14. WLS news, 5:25pm (1:19)
    15. ID (0:11)
    16. ABC news, Howard K. Smith (1:49)
    17. John Hambrick, WEWS Cleveland network feed (2:04)
    18. ID (0:08)
    19. CBS Evening News, Walter Cronkite (3:38)
    20. CBS, Dan Rather: Nixon's reaction to shootings (1:09)
    21. ID (0:08)
    22. CBS: Commentary, Cronkite's outcue (2:11)
    23. ID (0:08)
    24. CBS, Erik Severeid (2:33)
    25. WBBM Commentary (1:43)
    26. NBC, David Brinkley, including 7 seconds of gunfire (2:37)

May 4 Collection: Box 175

CD# -- Contents

  1. WKSU News: Continuing coverage of the May 4th shootings: May, 1970

    Tracks:

    1. ROTC building burned down (3:13)
    2. Second night of protests (1:08)
    3. National Guard arrives (1:22)
    4. National Guard imposes curfew (0:56)
    5. Health Center treats wounded (0:56)
    6. Recap of National Guard's actions (1:31)
    7. President White's four-point statement (1:56)
    8. President White reacts to shootings (1:11)
    9. Four students dead (1:03)
    10. Portage County injunction (0:39)
    11. Portage County injunction take 2 (0:37)
    12. President White's press conference (1:01)
    13. National Guard leaving tomorrow (0:32)
    14. 6 KSU students meet with Nixon (0:42)
    15. Canturbury says the Guard is leaving (0:32)
    16. President White calls faculty meeting (0:39)
    17. Plain Dealer blasts TV coverage (0:36)
    18. ACLU interviews witnesses (1:09)
    19. Students march in Columbus (1:13)
    20. When faculty can return (1:02)
    21. President White's May 6 letter to parents (1:49)
    22. Students want to reopen KSU (1:56)
    23. KSU is officially closed (0:21)
    24. JMC professors react to closing (2:12)
    25. Faculty supports President White (0:34)
    26. Pres. White announces KSU is closed (1:00)
    27. Trustees meeting (0:35)
    28. Students pick up belongings from dorms (0:32)
    29. Grad students get library service (0:31)
    30. Faculty senate blood drive (0:38)
    31. Portage County injunction modified (0:38)
    32. Meeting: Pres. White & Rep. Stanton (1:20)
  1. Bowling Green State University; Documentary: Press coverage of the Kent State Shootings: 1970* [The BGSU documentary focused on media coverage of the May 4th shootings. Included are numerous actualities from the Akron Beacon Journal, Cleveland Plain Dealer, Dayton Daily News, Detroit Free Press, WKNT Radion, WKYC-TV (NBC, Cleveland), and Kent State University.]
  2. CBC Radio, Canada, "Sunday Magazine," Reports pertaining to the Kent State shootings: May 4th, 1970* [Note: the source tape used to create this CD was damaged and incomplete. Audio from the last few minutes of the show is missing.]
  1. The Scranton Commission Hearings, Day 2, Kent State University Professor Jerry Lewis's testimony: August 20, 1970:

    Tracks:

    1. Lewis takes oath, gives credentials (1:24)
    2. Overview: study of collective behavior (0:58)
    3. Mood of the crowd on May 2 (4:38)
    4. Description of May 4 rally (2:41)
    5. Students' reaction to orders to disperse (3:26)
    6. Changes in characteristics of crowd (1:05)
    7. Reason for May 4th rally (1:55)
    8. Relationship between students and townies (1:50)
    9. Mood of the ONG troops [Gap in source tape] (3:42)
    10. Was the crowd threatening? (1:15)
    11. Proximity of commons to classrooms (1:56)
    12. No one knew weapons were loaded (2:22)
    13. Where do we go from here? (4:30)
    14. Communication of rules against assembly (2:16)
    15. Political activity at KSU vs. other Ohio schools (1:53)
    16. Where were you when the shots were fired? (3:04)
    17. Watching the guard move up the hill (3:21)
    18. Conclusion (0:50)
  1. The Scranton Commission Hearings, Day 2, General Robert Canterbury's testimony: August 20, 1970 [disc 1 of 2]

    Tracks:

    1. Canterbury takes oath, gives credentials (1:37)
    2. Establishing relations with local authorities (1:28)
    3. Action take by ONG on May 2 (1:14)
    4. Who was in charge of all law enforcement (1:49)
    5. Relationship between ONG & local law enforcement (1:29)
    6. Dispersal of students; White's recommendation to stop 5-4 rally (2:44)
    7. Decision to disperse students on May 4th (2:20)
    8. Testimony interrupted (2:58)
    9. How was order given to disperse? (1:51)
    10. Participants vs. onlookers; how many ONG present (2:13)
    11. When was ONG informed about 5-4 rally? (0:35)
    12. How fresh were the troops? (2:31)
    13. Orders given to troops (1:34)
    14. Armaments used by ONG (1:26)
    15. Assessments made during 5-4 rally (1:42)
    16. Students activities; orders given in response (1:14)
    17. Moving back up the hill (1:36)
    18. Did you know weapons were loaded? (1:58)
    19. What happened on the way back up the hill? (1:36)
    20. Shootings discussed [Gap in source tape] (2:08)
    21. Orders given after shots were fired; checking ammunition (1:27)
    22. Two conditions that justify firing (1:04)
    23. Is dual leadership (civilian/military) desirable? (3:21)
    24. Physical state of troops on arrival in Kent (2:52)
    25. Briefing sessions (2:14)
    26. Decisions re: loading weapons (1:41)
    27. Use of bayonets (1:20)
    28. ONG offering assistance to wounded (0:50)
    29. Experience in Ohio previous to May 4 incident (1:36)
  1. The Scranton Commission Hearings, Day 2: General Robert Canterbury's testimony (cont.): August 20, 1970 [disc 2 of 2]

    Tracks:

    1. Strategies for city vs. campus environments (1:04)
    2. Sufficient manpower to seal off campus (1:14)
    3. Recommendations to prevent this in the future (2:31)
    4. Funding for weapons is federal responsibility (3:21)
    5. Training re: verbal abuse, rock-throwing (2:52)
    6. Rock-throwing during May 4 rally (2:00)
    7. ONG photographer (1:42)
    8. Any troops hospitalized? (0:50)
    9. Pre-rally meeting; mission of ONG on May 4 (3:14)
    10. Account of May 4th; orders to load weapons (4:30)
    11. Students wearing gas masks & carrying bags of rocks (1:26)
    12. Events after tear gas was fired (3:29)
    13. Were orders given to point weapons at students? (2:47)
    14. Orders to go back up the hill (5:57)
    15. How many rocks thrown at troops? (2:00)
    16. Questions about shots fired (3:37)
    17. Adjournment (0:20)
  1. Kent State University Fall Convocation, May 4th Memorial: September 28, 1970* [Note: The source tape contains gaps in audio and is only a partial documentation of the event.]

    Tracks:

    1. Prayer: Unknown speaker (1:37)
    2. Remarks: Sheila Barton (13:01)
    3. Song: Phil Ochs [Ochs speaks briefly about growing up in Ohio; refrain of song: "I was a boy in Ohio"] (4:06)
    4. Song: Phil Ochs ["I Ain't Marching Anymore"] (3:20)
    5. Prayer: Unknown speaker (1:37)
    6. Remarks: Sheila Barton (13:01)
    7. Song: Phil Ochs (4:06)
    8. Song: Phil Ochs (3:20)
    9. Prayer: Unknown Speaker (1:59)
    10. Remarks: Ira Sandrel, Institute for the Study of Nonviolence (6:52)
    11. Remarks: Tom Grace, KSU student (3:07)
    12. Poem: Michele Zeldner (2:14)
    13. Keynote Address: Rev. Ralph Abernathy, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (28:45)

May 4 Collection: Box 176

CD# -- Contents

  1. David Brinkley: Symposium at Kent State University: "Politics and the Press," David Brinkley, NBC News, Judge Robert Cook, 11th District Court of Appeals, Harold Frye, Akron Beacon Journal: [no date] [Note: The source tape contains gaps in audio and is only a partial documentation of the event.]

    Tracks:

    1. Moderator introduces Brinkley (3:56)
    2. David Brinkley's remarks (21:05)
    3. Moderator introduces panel (3:35)
    4. Judge Robert Cook's remarks (6:15)
    5. Harold Frye's remarks (5:40)
    6. End of tape (0:45)
  1. WKSU Documentary, Commemoration of May 4th shootings: May 4, 1971*
  2. Actualities from Kent State University's May 4th commemoration: April 27, 1972 - May 6, 1972*

    Tracks:

    1. KSU President Glenn Olds: restraining order (4-27-72)
    2. Unidentified reporter: outside Kent municiple building (4-28-72)
    3. Bob Carpenter: Q-A with KSU student Bill Arthrell, Kent municipal building (4-28-72)
    4. Attorney Benson Wolman: reacts to restraining order (5-3-72)
    5. Victory bell (5-4-72)
    6. Harvard Professor George Wald: excerpt from speech (5-4-72)
    7. Harvard Professor George Wald: excerpt from poem (5-4-72)
    8. Harvard Professor George Wald: plays recording of N. Vietnamese woman singing (5-4-72)
    9. Sister Elizabeth McAlister (Harrisburg 7): excerpt from speech (5-4-72)
    10. Sister Elizabeth McAlister (Harrisburg 7): excerpt from speech (5-4-72)
    11. WKSU's Walter Clarke reads copy from NBC reporter(5-4-72)
    12. WKSU's Walter Clarke reads copy from NBC reporter (5-4-72)
    13. WKSU's Walter Clarke reads copy from NBC reporter (5-4-72)
    14. WKSU's Walter Clarke reads copy from NBC reporter (5-4-72)
    15. WKSU's Walter Clarke reads copy from NBC reporter (5-4-72)
    16. WKSU's Walter Clarke reads copy from NBC reporter (5-4-72)
    17. John Preston Smith, KSU information services: student relieved of undercover duty (5-6-72)
  1. WKSU Documentary, Commemoration of May 4th shootings, May 4, 1972*
  2. WKSU Documentary, "Kent State Remembered: Commemoration of May 4th Shootings," Produced by John Michalakes: May, 1985*
  3. Raw Interviews: Tom Grace [student wounded during the May 4th shootings] (tracks 1-3); John Filo [student photographer, eyewitness to events of May 4, 1970] (tracks 4-10), Interviewed by Mark Urycki of WKSU: 1989*

May 4 Collection: Box 177

CD# -- Contents

  1. Raw Interview: KSU Professor Jerry Lewis, Interviewed by Mark Urycki of WKSU: 1990*
  2. Raw Interviews: John Baclawski [Ohio National Guardsman assigned to KSU May 1970] (tracks 1-16); Joe Bujak [owner of JB's in downtown Kent] (tracks 17-24), Interviewed by Mark Urycki of WKSU: 1990*
  3. Raw Interview: Alan Canfora [KSU student wounded during the 1970 shootings], Interviewed by Mark Urycki of WKSU: 1990*
  4. Raw Interview: Charles Fassinger [former National Guard Colonel], Interviewed by Mark Urycki of WKSU: 1990 [audio cassette tape]
  5. Raw Interview: LeRoy Satrom [Mayor of Kent in May, 1970], Interviewed by Mark Urycki of WKSU: 1990*
  6. "Remembering Kent State, 1970: A Sound Documentary," Produced by Mark Urycki: May, 2000