Special Collections and Archives

Kent State Shootings: May 4 Collection Contents

Special Collections and Archives

Kent State Shootings: May 4 Collection Contents

May 4 Collection

Important Notice: Due to a grant-sponsored project to digitize materials from the May 4 Collection, in-person use of the May 4 Collection is available by appointment only. Please help us serve you better by contacting us in advance to schedule an appointment for access to this collection.

Contents

The May 4 collection is comprised of over 300 cubic feet of archival materials. This chart provides descriptions of each sub-collection that makes up the May 4 collection. Also included are links to finding aids for these sub-collections, which provide detailed information on the contents of each.

Box #(s)  Name of Sub-collection  Description 

--

70 boxes of newspaper clippings, magazines, and journal articles related to the Kent State shootings and their aftermath, organized chronologically. Materials are added to the collection on a continual basis. Inclusive dates: April 1969-2013

--

Includes oral histories taped during the 1990, 1995, and 2000 May 4 Annual Commemorations, as well as several interviews collected since 2000. Includes both a textual transcription and audio/video recording of each oral history. Almost all of the oral histories to date are audio recordings. Inclusive dates: 1990-2014

1

This collection contains responses from individuals and groups that were sent to Kent State University Student Government in the months after the Kent State shootings of May 4, 1970, as well as related materials produced by Student Government members. Inclusive dates: 1969-1972

2

The collection contains papers from former Kent State University Secretary George Urban regarding campus disturbances prior to and after the events of May 4, 1970. Inclusive dates: 1969-1971

3

The Doug Moore May 4 papers include correspondence, court documents, flyers, minutes, news clippings, press releases, and reports related to the events of May 4, 1970, as well as its subsequent court cases and commemorations. Inclusive dates: 1967-1978

4

The William A. Gordon papers include clippings, articles, and papers written by/about Bill Gordon. Inclusive dates: 1970-1974 (Please note this collection was originally processed with two other individuals' papers in Box 21 of the May 4 Collection)

5-6

KSU undergraduate in the 1970s active in student organizations, including groups that developed in response to the Kent State shootings. His papers contain correspondence and news clippings, as well as student government and organization records such as those for the Center for Peaceful Change. Inclusive dates: 1970-1977

7

Head coach of men's track and field and cross country at Kent State University from 1960 to 1978. Collection contains primarily correspondence pertaining to the shootings at Kent State on May 4, 1970, as well as newspaper clippings about the event. Inclusive dates: 1969-1971

8-9

Mayor of Kent from 1969-1972. Collection includes correspondence, documents, speeches, notes, photographs, news clippings, periodicals, and audio materials, most of which pertain to the events of May 4, 1970. Inclusive dates: 1955-1976

10

The collection includes correspondence from students regarding the completion of the spring 1970 quarter, to Frank L. Byrne, a Kent State University history professor. Inclusive dates: 1970-71

11

KSU professor of biological sciences, beginning in 1967. Collection includes papers, correspondence and records from a variety of campus task forces with which Cooke was involved. Inclusive dates: 1963-1970

12-15

Contains newsletters and flyers pertaining to student protests, mainly those that occurred on American college and university campuses in the aftermath of the Kent State shootings in the Spring of 1970. Inclusive dates: 1965-1972

16-18

Includes issues of the Congressional Record that include information on the events of May 4, 1970. Inclusive dates: February 7, 1969-December 14, 1970

19-20E

KSU professor of sociology since 1966; May 4, 1970 eyewitness; active in researching the period and event. Papers include scholarly works, primary materials and general clippings. Inclusive dates: 1968-2011

21

Thomas Lough was a professor of sociology at Kent State. His papers include materials about the BUS/SDS Oakland Police protest and Black Student Walkout (November 1968), the Music & Speech Bldg occupation (April 1969), the Concerned Citizens of the Kent Community (CCC), and Lough's reflections on being one of the "Kent 25" indictees. Inclusive dates: 1968-1978

22

Contains items created and saved by Virginia Lee Heidloff-Reichard, a defense attorney at Krause et al. vs. Rhodes et al. Various materials relating to this event and its aftermath are featured, including handwritten notes, correspondence, news clippings, briefs, and court exhibits. Inclusive dates: 1978-1994

23

Ken Hammond was a Kent SDS leader in late 60's, a speaker at the May 4, 1970 rally, and a member of Kent 25. His papers include publications, flyers, leaflets, and other materials created by Hammond and the organizations with which he was involved while at Kent State. Inclusive dates: 1968-1974 (Please note this collection was originally processed with two other individuals' papers in Box 21 of the May 4 Collection)

25-25A

Consists of materials that document the activities of Kent State University student organization, the May 4th Task Force. Materials in this collection include organizational records, event files, including posters, publications, and clippings. Inclusive dates: 1975-2012

28-28A

Includes photographs taken by the KSU News Service before, during, and after the Kent State shootings. Inclusive dates: April 30, 1970-1989

30-39

Materials gathered by the Special Committee on Campus Tensions, some of which were used as a basis for two publications of the American Council on Education: Perspectives on Campus Tension, and Campus Tensions: Analysis and Recommendations. Inclusive dates: 1969

40

Editor of Kent magazine. Includes alumni letters and responses, KSU News Service clippings, photocopies of legal documents, newsletters, speeches and transparencies. Inclusive dates: 1970

48-48A

Created in 1971 as a living memorial to May 4. Now, the Center for Applied Conflict Management (CACM), the center serves as a conflict studies program at the University. Inclusive dates: 1971-1976

49-50

Professor of English. Includes assorted papers, flyers, commencement program, etc. Inclusive dates: 1970

56

1978-79 Chair, May 4 Task Force, also involved in the May 4 Coalition and May 4 Observance Committee. Materials describe the manner in which May 4 commemorations and related activities were undertaken on the Kent campus. Inclusive dates: 1977-1980

57

KSU political science professor. Materials include correspondence from students re the completion of the the spring 1970 quarter. Inclusive dates: 1970

58

KSU student. Includes political ephemera demonstrating the range of student activist concerns for the years 1977-80. Focuses on the May 4 commemoration and the gym annex controversy. Inclusive dates: 1977-1980

59

KSU art professor. Materials include correspondence from students regarding the completion of the spring 1970 term. Inclusive dates: 1970

60

Organization operated in the summer of 1970 by 8 individuals involved in the production and financing of the independent film "Confrontation at Kent State." Fund was used to help students wounded at KSU and Jackson State. Includes records relating to the fund and film. Inclusive dates: 1969-1980

61

KSU art professor. Materials include correspondence sent to student government office from all over the world and compiled into a display, fall quarter, 1970. Inclusive dates: 1970

62-64S (23 boxes)

National Archives employee from 1968-80. Materials include research notes, correspondence, photocopies of FBI and National Guard reports, other archival sources from D.C. as well as all of his manuscripts. Also included are links to Thomas' e-books about the Kent State shootings. Inclusive dates: 1970-2003

65

Tent City resident and active participant in May 4 Coalition. Includes correspondence and political ephemera related to Coalition activities, Tent City and gym controversy. Inclusive dates: 1977

67

Professor at Emerson College, Boston, part of many notable May 4 projects including the NBC docu-drama "Kent State." Materials include items related to his work on the NBC movie and research. Inclusive dates: 1975-2005

68

KSU architecture professor. Papers focus on events and administrative results of May 4 shootings. Inclusive dates: 1970-1976

69

KSU psychology professor. Includes materials on various faculty groups and committees formed after the incident, student letters, and memos related to administrative procedures. Inclusive dates: 1970

70

Documents Harold Kitner’s role as Faculty Ombudsman in the immediate aftermath of the Kent State shootings. Included are correspondence, flyers, memos, reports, statements, and other materials from Kitner, faculty members, and administrators.
Inclusive dates: 1970-1971

71

KSU teaching fellow in geography. Offered extra credit points to students for attending 20th annual commemoration and writing a brief report on their experience. Includes 87 class responses, brief explanation of assignment, and poem written by Keiffer. Inclusive dates: 1990

72

KSU speech professor. Papers include information re a survey he conducted noting discrepancies in James Michener's book, including surveys and taped transcripts. Inclusive dates: 1968-1972

73

KSU student, eyewitness to May 4, 1970. Materials include color photos along with his personal account and materials related to later class reunion in 1990. Inclusive dates: 1970-1990

74

In 1990, the Akron Beacon Journal invited readers to share their memories of May 4, 1970. On April 29, 1990, they published excerpts from 12 replies. Includes all responses, printed and unprinted. Inclusive dates: 1990

75-76A

20th anniversary event, later published in an anthology. Materials related to the planning, organization and actual events of the gathering itself, and the publication of the anthology. Inclusive dates: May 3-6, 1990

77-81A

These records reflect a range of activities of the Kent State University Police department primarily from the period of 1968 through 1973, but with earlier and later records being present. There are records maintained on individual persons, files compiled on various national and local organizations and subjects related to campus unrest and political protest, as well as information about the Kent State shootings and various legal cases that involved police records. Inclusive dates: 1956-1976

82

KSU graduate student (1969-73), chair, committee for Non-violence, involved with Center for Peaceful Change. Papers gathered data on aftermath. Inclusive dates: 1969-1973

83

A collection of selected poetry related to the Kent State shootings. Inclusive dates: 1970-2013

84-84A

Contains miscellaneous research papers, theses, dissertations, and manuscripts that have been submitted to the May 4 Collection. Inclusive dates: 1977-2000

85-85B

Includes materials related to the national open design competition for the Memorial, the entries, and the models of the Memorial. Also includes information related to the dedication of the May 4 Memorial in 1990. Inclusive dates: 1985-1991

86

Consulting environmental designer who submitted design for the Memorial competition. He wrote the book To Heal Kent State about this experience. Papers include manuscripts, drawings and related materials. Inclusive dates: 1985-1990

87

1970 Kent resident. Published article in Delta Gamma national magazine. Includes copy of article and edited typescript. Inclusive dates: 1970

88

Member of President's Commission on Campus Unrest (Scranton Commission). Includes commission's report, letter, journal article and photo ID. Inclusive dates: 1970-1992

89

Initial winner of the Memorial Design competition, later disqualified due to his Canadian citizenship. Includes related correspondence, newsclippings, and photocopies of the design plan. Inclusive dates: 1986

90

Includes correspondence, photographs, and other materials about Segal's Abraham and Isaac sculpture rejected by Kent State University in 1978. Inclusive dates: 1978-1990

91

KSU student, one of the organizers and a coordinator of Students Maintaining and Advocating Cooperation and Constructiveness at Kent (SMACCK), a student organization. Papers include SMACCK and SDS flyers. Inclusive dates: 1970-1980

93

KSU art professor. Materials include correspondence from students regarding the completion of the the spring 1970 quarter. Inclusive dates: 1970

94

Faculty supervisor and general manager of radio operations at WKSU in 1970. Focus of papers is on the role and activities of the University radio station during May, 1970 and immediate aftermath. Inclusive dates: 1968-1973

95-95C

Miscellaneous films, videos, and DVDs related to the Kent State shootings and their aftermath. Most of the collection consists of secondary documentaries. Inclusive dates: 1970-2007

96-96A

Non-musical sound recordings and audio footage related to the Kent State shootings and their aftermath. Inclusive dates: 1970-2002

97

Koller was a KSU sociology professor. Includes materials related to his docu-drama "5-4-3-2-1-0" based upon the records of the Civil Trial of 1975 (Krause v. Rhodes). Inclusive dates: 1981

98

Hoover was a KSU sociology professor, Associate Dean of Arts & Sciences, and Chair of the 1979 May 4 Observance Committee. Papers include materials concerning the planning and staging of the commemoration and information on the University Commission to Implement a Commitment to Non-Violence (UCICNV). Inclusive dates: 1970-1979

99

Obituaries and information about the 4 KSU students who were killed on May 4, 1970: Allison Krause, Jeffrey Miller, Sandra Scheuer and William Schroeder and the nine students injured. Inclusive dates: 1969-2000

100

Baron was a KSU psychology professor, present when the shootings occurred, and along with others, did his best to keep students calm and the situation from escalating. Papers include letters from students after the incident. Inclusive dates: 1970

101

Personal accounts of and commentaries on the events of May 4, 1970 and their aftermath, submitted in writing by various people. Full-text is available for many of these accounts. Inclusive dates: 1970-2015

102-104

KSU education professor, Chair, University Commission to Implement a Commitment to Non-Violence (UCICNV). Includes correspondence, meeting minutes, and commission recommendations. Inclusive dates: 1970

105

The May 4 20th Commemoration records include agendas, schedules, budgets, correspondence, news clippings, press releases, and other materials pertaining to preparations for the 1990 commemoration of the shootings. Inclusive dates: 1985-1991

107

Flyers, publications, posters, and documents created by SDS (national) and the Kent State chapter. Includes information on protest activities of the late 1960s on the Kent State campus. Inclusive dates: 1967-2005; but most date from 1968-1970

108-108E

Artworks and other materials from the 25th annual commemoration workshop in large scale enameling. Includes artists' statements by workshop participants. Inclusive dates: 1994-1995

109

A group of photographs related to the Kent State shootings, from a variety of sources. Inclusive dates: 1970-2000

111

KSU English professor, Chair, Faculty Senate, 1970-71. Papers relate to both his roles in the university. Inclusive dates: 1970-1971

112

This 25th commemoration art exhibit by Kay Willens allowed visitors to write their thoughts on notecards and use them to replace seed packets, which they could then take home and plant in remembrance. Includes all the responses. Inclusive dates: 1995

113

Civil suit documentation donated by Judge William Kernahan Thomas. Includes court documents, judge's notes, exhibits used in trial including maps and photos. Useful to studying May 4 litigation and before and after photos of May 4 shooting. Inclusive dates: 1978-1979

114

Jerman was a KSU English professor. Includes materials on student unrest at KSU. Inclusive dates: 1969-1971

115

Includes a miscellany of May 4-related t-shirts from various years and events. Inclusive dates: 1990-2009

116

Subject files that have been created on miscellaneous topics related to the Kent State shootings and their aftermath. Inclusive dates: 1970-2002

117-117B

Materials created annually for commemorative events on campus including programs, flyers, posters, and publications. Also includes records of the Symposium on Democracy. Inclusive dates: 1971-2016

118

Information about and finding aids from other institutions that hold collections related to the Kent State shootings.

119

Includes manuscripts and other documents from selected dramatic productions related to the Kent State shootings. Inclusive dates: 1971-2000

120

Helen was Executive Secretary, Honors College and John was Director of Food Services, KSU in 1970. Food Services was responsible for feeding the National Guard, the state police and the students following the shootings. Papers document the immediate aftermath. Inclusive dates: 1970-1972

121

KSU student. Materials document Tent City and the gym annex demonstrations. Inclusive dates: 1977-1978

122-122D

Papers released from the United States Department of Justice in response to a Freedom of Information Act request made by the May 4th Task Force. Inclusive dates: 1970-1973

123

KSU student and, later, Editor of the Kent-Ravenna Record-Courier newspaper. Includes photographs, newsclippings, protest literature and UPI dispatches regarding the gym annex controversy. Inclusive dates: 1977-1978

124-124D

Contains memorabilia and artifacts pertaining to the shootings and their aftermath. Inclusive dates: 1970-2009

125

U.S. Marine and Vietnam veteran. Includes his personal account and items from a North Vietnamese Army General's collection. Inclusive dates: 1965-1971

126

20-member committee, formed in 1994 to coordinate spring 1995 Commemoration. Includes meeting minutes, membership rosters, correspondence, clippings, press releases, funding applications, events schedule and programs. Inclusive dates: 1994-1996

127-127C

Papers separated from KSU presidential papers that are directly related to the events and aftermath of May 4, 1970. Include correspondence and reports related to May 4. Other miscellaneous administrative files have been added as they are discovered. Inclusive dates: 1968-1977

128-128A

This collection contains banners and posters associated with the student protest/anti-war movement and the Kent State shootings and their aftermath. Inclusive dates: 1969-2003

130

Committee formed in 1999 to coordinate spring 2000 Commemoration. Includes agendas, minutes and correspondence of the committee and various subcommittees. Inclusive dates: 1999-2000

131

Barclay Doster McMillen was a Kent State University political science lecturer and assistant to President Robert I. White from 1967-1971 and was also the "Special Counsel for Student Rights" from 1968 to 1969. His papers include correspondence with White regarding campus unrest, manuscripts written by McMillen about who was responsible for May 4, 1970, audio recordings of McMillen's thoughts about the events, and a Minority Report of the Commission on KSU Violence. Inclusive dates: 1968-1999

133

KSU history professor. Includes an address to the faculty by Bruce Harkness, Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, in the fall semester of 1970, as well as summaries of the special meeting on "the ROTC question" and class opinion questions with student responses. Inclusive dates: 1970-1985

134

Earle Roberts served on a variety of May 4-related committees, including the Kent Students Medical Fund, Kent Community for Non-Violent Change, the Committe for Non-Violence, and the Campus Security Advisory Committee (CSAC), the last of which he served as chair. Inclusive dates: 1968-1983

136-139

Includes selected paintings, sketches, drawings, and ceramics, as well as other art works and their accompanying materials, related to May 4. Inclusive dates: 1970-2002

171-172B

Faculty papers which include correspondence, clippings and items related to the memorial marker donated by the KSU faculty that preceded the current Hillel marker at the May 4 site. Prof. Ohles led the drive to establish this marker. Inclusive dates: 1966-2001

173

Materials gathered by William Armstrong in his role as the Daily Kent Stater editor in 1970. Includes photographs, correspondence, and poetry. Inclusive dates: 1970

174-177

This collection contains a variety of sound recordings created and/or collected by WKSU, Kent State University's public radio station. The recordings, originally made on tape, were transferred to compact discs in 2001. Inclusive dates: 1970-2000

178-182

From 1969-74, "Carp" was News Director at WKNT-AM/FM (commercial stations) in Kent. This collection includes articles, newspaper clippings, subject files, and artifacts related to the events before, during, and shortly after May 4, 1970. Inclusive dates: 1967-1998

183-183B

Selected musical recordings and sheet music related to the Kent State shootings. Inclusive dates: 1971-2005

184

Color photographs taken by Professor Frank Smith around KSU and the city of Kent in May of 1970. Inclusive dates: May 1970

185

34 original hand-drawn art for daily and Sunday comic strips within this May 4th story arc of the comic strip "Crankshaft," created by KSU Alumnae Chuck Ayers and Tom Batiuk. Inclusive dates: 2000

186-187

During his years at Kent State (1969-1973), Keane was a graduate student, residence hall assistant, and instructor at the Center for Peaceful Change. He was co-leader of the national petition for a Federal Grand Jury regarding the events of May 4, 1970. He also organized Pop's Snow Squad, a town and gown collaboration. Inclusive dates: 1969-1973

188

The 39 photographs that encompass this collection were taken by Deborah J. Andersen. Most of the pictures date from September 17, 1977 and September 24, 1977 and document Tent City. Inclusive dates: 1977

189

Ayers, a KSU alumnus and professional cartoonist, took these 54 photographs of the KSU campus from May 1-3, 1970. Includes images of student gatherings, damaged buildings, Ohio National Guard personnel and vehicles, and events of May 4. Inclusive dates: May 1-3, 1970

190-190A

In 1970, Howard Ruffner was a second year student at Kent State University, majoring in broadcast communications. Ruffner was also on the staff of the Daily Kent Stater and the Chestnut Burr, editing the yearbook in 1971. Among other things, this collection includes photographs that appeared in the 1971 Chestnut Burr, many of them showing the events of May 1-4, 1970. Inclusive dates: 1970-1971

191

Contains photographs taken by the Ohio State Highway Patrol during the events leading up to and including May 4, 1970. Inclusive dates: May 1-4, 1970

192

Contains files related to the origin and development of the May 4 Resource Room, located on the first floor of the Kent Campus Library. Inclusive dates: 1974-2004

193-201

The Commission on KSU Violence (CKSUV) was assembled on May 8, 1970 by President Robert I. White to collect information about the events leading up to the Kent State shootings. Materials in this collection include statements about the events, survey responses, reference materials, administrative records, and audio-visual materials. Inclusive dates: 1963-1976

202-207

The University Communications and Marketing May 4 records contain press releases, programs, brochures, forms, correspondence, reports, surveys, speeches, papers, press kits, periodicals, fliers, articles, publications, newsclippings, and photographs pertaining to the events of May 4, 1970, Tent City, and the May 4 annual commemorations. Inclusive dates: 1964-2000

208-211

The Akron Beacon Journal Kent State Shootings collection contain records pertaining to the reports from the Ohio State Highway Patrol and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The Ohio State Highway Patrol records include inter-office correspondence, autopsy reports of the victims, and notes pertaining to the investigation. The Federal Bureau of Investigation records include various reports from agents assigned to investigating the shootings. The FBI records comprise an earlier draft of the final copy of the report. Inclusive dates: 1969-1983

212

This collection contains the personal papers of Robert C. Dix, member of the Kent State University Board of Trustees from 1941-1973. The materials mostly center around the events of May 4, 1970 and provide an inside look at the events from an administrative perspective. Inclusive dates: 1944-1996

213

Sanford Marovitz May 4 papers

This collection contains the personal papers of Sanford Marovitz collected primarily during the first year after the Kent State shootings. The materials mostly center around the events of May 4, 1970 and provide an inside look at the events from a faculty and administrative perspective.

214

Laura Davis May 4 papers

This collection contains the papers of Laura Davis regarding the Kent State shootings. It contains materials related to the May 4 site and subject files related to May 4, 1970.

215

Emil Dansker May 4 papers

This collection contains papers and research gathered by Emil Dansker regarding the Kent State shootings. It also has documents detailing the creation of the documentary Covering the Confrontation.

216

Organizational Responses to the Kent State Shootings records

This collection contains published reactions from both national and university organizations regarding the Kent State shootings.

217

Kent State Shootings Historic Site and Grant Proposal records

These papers are comprised of proposals submitted for grants and historical sites related to the Kent State shootings. They contain both the proposals and responses regarding successful and unsuccessful applications.

218-221

Gym Annex Controversy (Tent City) records

These records chronicle the Kent State University Gym Annex controversy of the late 1970s and include student, university, and community responses to the protests of the gym as well as its planning and construction.

222-228

Kent State University May 4 Visitors Center records

The Kent State University May 4 Visitors Center records They show the evolution of the museum's content and building design as well as the audio visual materials used. Additionally, these records contain the feedback solicited from various groups during the process and the efforts to obtain funding for the project.