Cited Reference Searching
Researchers often cite (refer to) the work of others, and information about the works of others is then provided in references lists, lists of works cited, footnotes, endnotes, and bibliographies, etc. These "references" can be very valuable for a variety of reasons; and online research tools provide a number of useful approaches for finding references.
This guide gives directions for access and basic searching for the following resources: the "Citation Indexes" (for sciences, social sciences, arts & humanities); the EBSCO databases (16 of these currently at Kent); Google Scholar; and PsycINFO.
Resources for Cited Reference Searching
The listing below is a sample of what is available. These kinds of resources and methods are continuing to evolve for working with research, and so it is expected that this guide will also be enhanced periodically.
1. Citation Indexes in the Web Of Knowledge
Access From the Libraries home page (library.kent.edu), click on "Research Databases", then click on "C". On the next page find "Citation Indexes", and then click the link for on or off campus access. You will be connected to the "ISI Web of Knowledge" (contains the Citation Indexes).
Directions - three approaches
A. As you are connected to the "ISI Web of Knowledge", proceed with a search, and as you look at an abstract for one of the items founds, on the right side of the screen you may see a link like this " References: 12". In this example, clicking on that link takes you to a screen that lists information about 12 other articles/resources that the article has "used/cited".
B. As you are connected to the "Web of Knowledge", you may proceed with a topic search, and as you look at your results you may see a link like " Times Cited: 2" for one of the articles listed. Clicking on that link takes you to two articles that have cited that article.
C. When you want to find articles that have cited a certain published work of an author that you know about, the following steps can be useful. As you are connected to the "Web of Knowledge", find and click on "Cited Reference Search"; this takes you to a screen for cited references searching. Follow these steps for basic cited reference search.
1. Enter the name of the primary Cited Author (see examples on screen), and then click Search. This minimum search approach may retrieve hundreds or thousands of references; but the goal is to not rule out relevant hits.
2. If you retrieve too many hits, return to the form and add a Cited Year or a limited range of cited years.
3. After you click Search, you will see a listing of hits that represent possible matches to the author/cited work you are interested in. Do any of these hits match or come close to the author name, work cited, and year, etc. as you understand them ?' Note that there could be a variety of *relevant hits on this screen, even if the author spelling, years, etc are different. Click the box(es) for what you think are the 'matches', and then click Finish Search. Results will be references to publications that have cited the work you were interested in.
Extra Tips - there are extra suggestions on the Web of Knowledge site, including how to eliminate self-citations.
2. EBSCO Databases
Access From the Libraries home page (library.kent.edu), find and click on "Research Databases", then find the EBSCO database that covers your subject area.
Directions - two approaches
A. As you are connected to the "EBSCO" database", proceed with a search, and as you look at the results list you may see a link with some of the results listed that says "Cited References". Clicking on that link takes you to a screen that lists information about other articles/resources that the article has "used/cited".
B. As you are connected to the "EBSCO" database", find and click on "Cited References" link in the blue bar near the top of the screen; clicking this takes you to a screen for cited references searching. The following is one example of steps you can use:
1. In the "Cited Author" box type in the last name of the first author of 'your key article'.
2. In the "Cited Year" box type in the year of the 'key article' that you have. Click on the "Search" button.
3. Next, on the next screen find your 'key article' in the list of results, and click the box at left.
4. Then click the "Find Citing Articles" button. The results will list articles (in journals covered by this EBSCO database) that have cited your 'key article''.
3. Google Scholar
Connect to scholar.google.com
Directions - two approches.
1. In the search box: a. type in an author's last name, or an author's last name and a topic; or, b. type in the title of an article or book; or, c. type in a topic. Click Search.
[NOTE: The first two approaches just described (a. and b.) could lead to works that have cited works you know about. The third (topic) search is an approach you might take if you are not sure of works on a topic, but you would like to first find article(s) on a topic that has been cited...and then you would like to find those citing articles too.]
2. Your Google Scholar results will basically look like a typical Google listing of results. You will see a listing of 'hits' noting published work that includes your search terms.
3. In the last line of the 'context information' provided with *some of the hits, you may see "Cited by" and a number. Clicking on that "Cited by.." link will take you to a listing of links to information for other work that has cited the item you were interested in.
Steps 1. - 3. just above describe use of a 'basic' Google Scholar search. On the Google Scholar screen you will also see an option for doing an "Advanced Search". There are a variety of search parameters that can be used; and reading the results for the Advanced search is the same as noted in step 3. above.
This major resource for research in psychology and related disciplines has included cited references since 2001.
From the Libraries home page (library.kent.edu), click on the "Research Databases", then "P", then find "PsycINFO Current" and then click the link for on or off campus access.
Directions - two approches.
A. As you look at the abstract for an item, and scroll down the screen, you may find all of the references cited (or used) by that article.
B. In PsycINFO you can also do a cited reference search to find articles that cite particular authors or a particular article or book. Your search can consist of author words, title words, date, journal, etc. When searching multiple words, use the "same" operator to specify that those words belong to the same cited reference. Sample steps:
1. In the search box type the last name of an author in parentheses. Then right after the close parentheses type ".cit.". For example, for cited references of Albert Ellis you could type "(ellis a).cit." (not the quotes). Another example for Cooper and Hedges' book on research synthesis would be "(cooper).cit same (research synthesis).cit."
2. Click the "Submit Search" button to see a list of sources that cited the author you searched.
Questions/comments: contact Paul Fehrmann at email@example.com